Canetti, Daphna. Gross, Michael L. Waismel-Manor, Israel. Immune from Cyber-Fire? The Psychological & Physiological Effects of Cyberwar. Binary Bullets: The Ethics of Cyberwarfare. edited by Fritz Allhoff, Adam Henschke, and Bradley Jay Strawser. Oxford: Oxford University Press
When noncombatants suffer bodily injury or loss of life during war, they 
experience harm in the most obvious way. While protected from direct or intentional 
harm, noncombatants may, nonetheless, suffer proportionate collateral harm in the 
course of effective and necessary military operations. This is the principle of 
noncombatant immunity. To inflict direct harm upon noncombatants is to egregiously 
violate this principle and commit a crime of war against the innocent
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