Canetti, Daphna, Karpyuk, Tetyana. (2012). Crimes against Humanity. Michael, T. Gibbons (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Political Thought.
Crimes against humanity (CAH) are offensive acts against human dignity committed as part of widespread or systemic attack against civilian populations. They can be a series of events or a one-time event, planned and committed by state or nonstate organized groups, banned by one policy or ideology.