Pedahzur, Ami. Hirsch, Sivan. Canetti-Nisim, Daphna (2004). "Whose Victory? An Empirical Analysis of the Popular Votes for the Right-Wing Camp in the 2003 Elections." Israel Affairs 10 (4), 20-35.
The expressions on the faces of the Likud leaders on the evening of 28 January 2003 told the story of the elections to the sixteenth Knesset. At 10 p.m., when the polling stations closed and the three TV channels revealedtheir election exit-polls, it became clear that the Israeli right-wing camp led by the Likud party, had just witnessed its greatest victory since the 1977 elections. The Likud – which shrank to only 19 parliamentary seats following the 1999 elections – doubled its representation, while this time the Labour party was the one to decrease to 19 seats. 

The aim of this paper is to portray and explain the victory of the rightwing camp. The main question that we will address in the first part is: Didthe election results reflect the triumph of an entire political camp or was it a victory of merely a few parties, and if so, which were the real winners? We will base the second question on the first part, namely: What were the causes of this dramatic landslide? A review of the literature indicates three principal approaches which could explain the success of right-wing parties in Israel: Economic Interests, Ideological Proximity, and Psychological Interests. These approaches will be tested through the analysis of both ecological data and a public opinion poll which was conducted for the purpose of this study and was completed a month after the elections.
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