Canetti, Daphna. Halperin, Eran. Hobfoll, E. Stevan. Shapira, Oren. Hirsch-Hoefler, Sivan. (2009).Authoritarianism, perceived threat and exclusionism on the eve of the Disengagement: Evidence from Gaza. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 33 (6), 463-474.
The Israeli government’s decision to remove settlers in the Gaza Strip forcibly produced a situation
of traumatic stress, resulting from confrontation and conflict for settlers. The authors examined the
effects of the Gaza disengagement, that occurred following prolonged terrorist exposure, on rates of
probable major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis in a
representative sample of Gaza settlers (N = 190). Predictors of probable MDD in multivariate models
were being female, and experiencing greater economic and psychosocial resource loss. Predictors of probable PTSD were being older and experiencing greater psychosocial resource loss. Posttraumatic growth was significantly related to a reduction in the odds of having probable PTSD. This latter finding is interpreted within our conceptualization of action-focused growth.