Canetti, Daphna. Halperin, Eran. Hobfoll, E. Stevan. Shapira, Oren. Hirsch-Hoefler, Sivan (2009). Authoritarianism, perceived threat and exclusionism on the eve of the Disengagement: Evidence from Gaza. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 33 (6), 463-474.
Major political events such as terrorist attacks and forced relocation of citizens may have an immediate effect on attitudes towards ethnic minorities associated with these events. The psychological process that leads to political exclusionism of minority groups was examined using a ﬁeld study among Israeli settlers in Gaza days prior to the Disengagement Plan adopted by the Israeli government on June 6, 2004 and enacted in August 2005. Lending credence to integrated threat theory and to theory onauthoritarianism, our analyses show that the positive effect of religiosity on political exclusionism results from the two-staged mediation of authoritarianism and perceived threat. We conclude that religiosity fosters authoritarianism, which in turn tends tomovepeople towards exclusionism both directly and through the mediation of perceived threat.